Why It's Important and How To Do It
A mortgage is a mortgage is a mortgage, right? Wrong! There are many mortgage products on the market now, so it's important for you to do your homework to determine which type is best for you, and which bank, savings and loan, mortgage bank, finance company or credit union offers the best terms for that type of loan.
The Internet makes this process easier. You can find out how large a loan you qualify for, compare loans, search for the lowest rates in your area, and in some cases, apply online.
Although there are many mortgage products available, most fall into one of several general categories:
Fixed rate mortgages are the traditional loans that have a fixed interest rate over the life of the loan, typically 30, 20, 15, or 10 years. With these loans, your monthly payment for interest and principal never changes (your escrow expenses, such as property taxes and insurance, may change from year to year). Downpayments required on these loans can be as low as 5%. If you want predictable payments over the life of your loan and don't mind paying a bit more for this assurance, the fixed rate mortgage may be the best option for you.
Adjustable rate mortgages typically start at a lower interest rate (and lower payments) but interest rates and payments fluctuate depending on market interest rates. A typical ARM is adjusted annually (although some are adjusted more frequently). Increases are usually capped for any given year and for the life of the loan. For example, a typical ARM might include an annual cap of two percentage points and a cap over the life of the loan of six percentage points. An ARM that starts out at 7.5% could increase to 9.5% in the second year, 11.5% in the third year, 13.5% in the fourth year, at which point it would be capped.
These loans are popular with people who expect rising income over the next few years because they can buy more house on a lower current income, confident that their increasing income will make the higher payments affordable if the interest rates rise in subsequent years.
If you know you'll be moving in five to seven years, and you'd like a lower interest rate but are uncomfortable with an adjustable rate, the balloon mortgage may be for you. These loans often have a somewhat lower interest rate than a conventional 30-year mortgage, but the loan is due in five to seven years. If you're still in the house at the end of the term, you'll have to find another mortgage in order to pay off the first one.
Jumbo loans are just what their name implies: a larger than average loan. Most lenders follow the Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac federal guidelines for loans, which limit the amount you can borrow to $252,700. If you need to borrow more than this, you should look for a Jumbo loan.
The features of these loans are summarized in the table at the bottom of this page.
Before shopping for a mortgage, take advantage of some of the online tools that will help you be better informed so you can choose the mortgage that works best for you.
Answer three quick questions and receive a recommendation of the type of loan that might best fit your needs, with an explanation of the key features of the loan.
Monthly Principal and Interest Payment Calculator
Calculate your monthly interest and principal payment, and figure the impact of pre-paying your mortgage.
Quickly calculate your principal and interest payment and generate a detailed amortization schedule showing breakdown of interest and principal each month and total interest paid over the life of the loan.
How Much Can You Afford?
Calculate how large a loan you qualify for.
Estimate your closing costs.
Should You Pay Points to Lower the Rate?
Determine whether it's to your advantage to pay points in order to buy a lower interest rate.
Fixed Rate or Adjustable?
This calculator helps you decide whether to get a fixed rate or adjustable rate mortgage (ARM).
Continually updated rate information from 1400 lenders, provided by the largest independent source of mortgage information on the internet.
Enter the details of two loans you're considering and find out which one will be better financially when all key features are taken into account.
15- or 30-Year Loan?
Which is better: a 15- or 30-year loan?
|Loan Type||Advantage||Important Feature|
|Fixed Rate Loans||Predictable interest and principal payments over the life of the loan (whether 30, 20, 15, or 10 year)||Downpayment as low as 5%|
|Adjustable Rate Loans||Lower payments at beginning of loan make it easier to qualify or allow you to purchase a more expensive home||Downpayment as low as 5%; rate adjustments every 6 months or every year|
|Jumbo Loans||Allows you to borrow amounts exceeding the Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac Guidelines (over $252,700)||A wide variety of options in amounts over $252,700|
|Balloon Loans||Lower payments at beginning of loan make it easier to qualify or allow you to purchase a more expensive home||The loan becomes due all at one time, typically after 7 years|