|Buying a Home?|
|Be prepared for closing costs|
You've worked and scrimped to save up enough money for a down payment on a house, and you're finally ready to become a homeowner. You've even found "the" house, and it looks like you can just afford the monthly payments and still be able to eat. Then you get a look at the Good Faith Estimate (GFE).
Federal law requires that a prospective lender provide a Good Faith Estimate to you within three days of applying for a mortgage. Unfortunately, there's often a large discrepancy between the estimate and what you actually end up paying.
Some unscrupulous lenders intentionally low-ball the estimate in order to get your loan, knowing that by the time you see the actual amounts (the day before settlement), you'll be so deeply into the process that you won't pull out and look for another lender. The US government is working on making changes to the law to force lenders to be more accurate on the good faith estimates.
Typically, closing costs run between 3% and 5% of your loan amount, so if you're borrowing $100,000 you can expect closing costs of $3,000 to $5,000. If you're borrowing $200,000 you can expect closing costs of $6,000 to $10,000.
The smart thing to do is to obtain good faith estimates from two or three lenders and compare the costs. Then be prepared to ask the lender you choose to meet the best offer. Here are some of the items you can expect to find on a Good Faith Estimate:
~ Loan origination fee (1% of the amount borrowed, or $100 for every $10,000 borrowed)
~ Loan discount fee
~ Loan application fee ($75 to $400)
~ Points (to "buy down" the interest rate: between $100 and $300 for every $10,000 borrowed)
~ Lender's attorney fees
~ Buyer's attorney fees
~ Appraisal fee
~ Credit Report
~ Lender's inspection fee
~ Mortgage broker commission or fee
~ Tax service fee
~ Processing fee
~ Underwriting fee
~ Wire Transfer fee
~ Interest from the day of settlement to the date of the first mortgage payment
~ Private mortgage insurance premiums to protect your lender ($750 to $1750)
~ Hazard insurance premiums
~ Property taxes from the day of settlement to the end of the tax year
~ Settlement or closing/escrow fee
~ Document preparation fee
~ Notary fee
~ Title search and title insurance to protect your lender ($400 to $600)
~ Title insurance to protect you
~ Recording fees
~ Tax stamps
~ Pest inspection
Property taxes placed in an escrow account are one of the largest expenses at closing. The amount depends on the value of the house you buy and the tax rate in the town or county where the house is located. Many lenders require you to include a monthly estimate with your mortgage payments equal to 1/12th of your annual property taxes and homeowners insurance. For most people, this is easier than coming up with a large lump sum each year when taxes are due.
Don't be taken advantage of at closing, and don't go to closing unprepared. Educate yourself about the ins and outs of home buying before you start looking for your first home.
~ Debby Fowles